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Learning Disorder Symptoms - Disorders of Written Expression

Mark Dombeck, Ph.D.

Disorder of Written Expression

Writing skills, as measured by individually administered standardized tests (or functional assessments of writing skills), are substantially below those expected given the person's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education.

The disturbance in the first category significantly interferes with academic achievement or activities of daily living that require the composition of written texts (e.g., writing grammatically correct sentences and organized paragraphs).

If a sensory deficit is present, the difficulties in writing skills are in excess of those usually associated with it.

Criteria summarized from:
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.


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