24-Hour Crisis Hotline: (877)SAFEGBC or (877)723-3422 Mental Health & Substance Abuse Issues

6502 Nursery Drive, Suite 100
Victoria, TX 77904
(361)575-0611
(800)421-8825

Child & Adolescent Development: Overview
Resources
Basic InformationMore InformationLatest News
FDA Warns Against Children Taking Codeine, TramadolNext Seven Great Achievements in Pediatric Research PredictedMany Students Reluctant to Use Asthma Inhalers at SchoolDon't Give Kids Medicines With Codeine, Tramadol: FDAMany Kids Still Being Injured on ATVsHypnosis Doesn't Improve Post-Op Anxiety, Pain in ChildrenHealth Tip: Minimizing Violence During Screen TimeHealth Tip: Concerned About Your Child's Weight?What's the Best Seasonal Allergy Med for Your Kid?Web-Based Platform Better for Delivering Pre-Op InformationKids Can Pick Up Nicotine on Their HandsHealth Tip: Checking Your Child's MolesCould a Clinical Trial Help Your Child?Direct-Acting Antivirals Approved for Children 12+ With HCVWhen Families Lack Insurance, Kids' Dental Woes Rise10 Minutes of Sweat a Day Helps Kids' HeartsOutdoor Play May Foster Little EnvironmentalistsHealth Tip: Is Your Child Sleeping Enough?Red Cell Distribution Width Predicts Surgical ComplicationsFar Fewer Kids Are Dying Worldwide, but Gains Are UnevenVaccinating Pregnant Moms Protects Babies From Whooping CoughMost U.S. Kids Who Die From Flu Are UnvaccinatedCommon Post-Op Ear Drops Tied to Eardrum Perforations in KidsParents' Pot Use a Tricky Topic When It Comes to Their KidsHealth Tip: Help Your Child with Body ImageLead Exposure as Child, Lower IQ as Adult?Just 17 U.S. States Require Defibrillators in Some SchoolsMany Kids With Diabetes Missing Out on Eye Exams, Study FindsOlder Mothers May Raise Better-Behaved Kids, Study SuggestsHealth Tip: Check Your Child's TemperatureFruit Juice for Kids: A Serving a Day OK'Eraser Challenge' Latest Harmful Social Media Trend for Kids'Heads Up' Football Program Tackles Concussion Danger in KidsParents Don't Always Head to Child's Doctor When Illness StrikesSpring-Clean Your Medicine Cabinet to Safeguard Your KidsFewer U.S. Kids Overdosing on OpioidsWhy Some Kids Take Longer to Recover From Brain InjuryNearby Day Cares Don't Pose Health Risks to Kids: StudyObese Moms May Fail to Spot Obesity in Their Own KidsToo Much Screen Time May Raise Kids' Diabetes RiskHealth Tip: Help Kids Maintain Healthy CholesterolMite-Proof Bedding May Help Curb Asthma Attacks: StudyWatchful Waiting Cost-Effective for Pediatric Acute Otitis MediaHealth Tip: Make Sure Kids' Shoes Fit WellCity Tax on Cars Cut Pollution, Kids' Asthma RiskKidney Transplant Survival Up Among Babies, KidsSecondhand Smoke Linked to Food Allergies in KidsObesity May Raise Girls' Risk of Asthma, AllergiesDisabled Kids at Higher Risk of Abuse, Study FindsNasal 'Nerve Block' May Help Ease Kids' Migraines
Questions and AnswersLinks
Related Topics

ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Childhood Mental Disorders and Illnesses
Child Development & Parenting: Infants (0-2)
Child Development & Parenting: Early (3-7)

NIAAA Two-Question Alcohol Screen Valid in Pediatric ERs


HealthDay News
Updated: Nov 30th 2016

new article illustration

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) two-question alcohol screen is valid for use within pediatric emergency departments (PEDs), according to a study published online Nov. 29 in Pediatrics.

Anthony Spirito, Ph.D., from the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University in Providence, R.I., and colleagues examined the psychometric properties of the NIAAA two-question alcohol screen within U.S. PEDs. Participants included 4,838 12- to 17-year-olds treated in one of 16 participating PEDs. The NIAAA two-question screen was readministered one week later to 186 participants to assess test-retest reliability.

The researchers found that there was moderate to good test-retest reliability. The best combined sensitivity and specificity for determining a diagnosis of alcohol use disorder (AUD) was a classification of moderate risk or higher on the screen. Among middle school students, any past-year drinking increased the odds of a diagnosis of an AUD; the optimal cut-off for high school ages was three or more drinking days in the past year. For determining a positive Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test score, the optimal cutoff was one or more drinking days for middle school subjects and two or more drinking days for high school students.

"The NIAAA two-question screen is a brief, valid approach for alcohol screening in PEDs," the authors write. "A positive screen suggests that referral for further evaluation is indicated to determine if an adolescent has an AUD."

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)