24-Hour Crisis Hotline: (877)SAFEGBC or (877)723-3422 Mental Health & Substance Abuse Issues

6502 Nursery Drive, Suite 100
Victoria, TX 77904
(361)575-0611
(800)421-8825

Diabetes
Resources
Basic InformationLatest News
Mapping IDs Geographic Access Barriers for Diabetic RetinopathyNormal Meal Tolerance Test Is Practical, Reliable in T2DMNo Link to Cognition in Diabetes Prevention Program StudySuicide by Insulin?Promising Start for National Diabetes Prevention ProgramDiabetes Drug Gets FDA Warning Due to Amputation RiskAngela Bassett Puts the Spotlight on Heart HealthAs Temps Rise, Risk of Pregnancy Complication May TooPharmacist-Involved Collaborative Care Benefits T2DMNever Breastfeeding Linked to Increased Risk of T1DMBioengineered Intraabdominal Endocrine Pancreas FeasibleBiomarker ID'd for Pregnancy-Induced Glucose IntoleranceTransplant of Insulin-Producing Cells Offers Hope Against Type 1 DiabetesVitamin D Doesn't Impact Insulin Sensitivity, Secretion in T2DMPCSK9 Linked to New-Onset Diabetes After Renal TransplantLinear Association for Weight Loss, HbA1c Reduction in T2DMHealth Tip: Make Food More FlavorfulAntioxidant Resveratrol May Help Reduce Arteriosclerosis in T2DMHealth Tip: Create a Sick-Day Plan for DiabetesRed Wine Antioxidant Might Help Diabetics' ArteriesCardiometabolic Disease Staging Score Quantifies Diabetes RiskIntense Interval Training Cuts Hypoglycemia Awareness in T1DMDecreased Cortical Thickness Seen in Type 2 DiabetesAlgorithm Integrated Into App Forecasts Glucose LevelsThree Anti-VEGF Treatments Effective for Diabetic RetinopathyType 2 Diabetes May Be Bad for Brain HealthHealth Tip: Coping With the 'Dawn Phenomenon'Plasma Uric Acid Lowering Tied to Drop in Systolic BP in T1DMHealth Tip: Continuous Glucose Monitoring DevicesT2DM Risk Cut by Variant in Sulfonylurea Receptor EncoderObesity Quadruples Kids' Type 2 Diabetes Risk: StudyDoctors Encouraged to Assess Driving Risks for T1DM PatientsEarly Glycemic Control With Metformin Cuts CVD EventsWhen Is It Safe to Drive With Type 1 Diabetes?Nurse-Led Intervention Helps With Diabetes ControlIs Annual Eye Exam a Must for People With Type 1 Diabetes?RUNX1 May Play Role in Proliferative Diabetic RetinopathyFast-Acting Insulin Aspart Ups Glycemic Control in T1DMDiabetes Continues to Be a Significant Public Health BurdenContinuous Glucose Monitoring Improves Quality of Life in T1DMDiabetes Continues Its Relentless RiseContinuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion Bests Injections in T2DMPrevalence of Metformin Use 0.7 Percent in PrediabetesENDO: Distinct Urine Metabolite Profile in Obese Youth With T2DMRace Plays Role in Heart, Diabetes Risk, Even at Normal WeightPredictive Low-Glucose Mgmt Cuts Hypoglycemic Events in T1DTeleretinal Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Ups Screening RatesDAPT Cessation Patterns Vary With Diabetes Status After PCIIncreased Use of Newer Meds for Diabetic Nephropathy in the U.S.What Drugs Work Best for Diabetic Nerve Pain?
Links
Related Topics

Medical Disorders

Race Plays Role in Heart, Diabetes Risk, Even at Normal Weight

HealthDay News
by -- Robert Preidt
Updated: Apr 3rd 2017

new article illustration

MONDAY, April 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Americans of South Asian and Hispanic descent who aren't overweight may be more at risk for heart disease, stroke and diabetes than normal-weight white people are, a new study finds.

"Clinicians using overweight/obesity as the main criteria for [heart disease and diabetes] screening, as currently recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, may fail to identify [heart disease and diabetes] abnormalities in many patients from racial/ethnic minority groups," said study first author Unjali Gujral.

She is a postdoctoral fellow at Emory University in Atlanta.

The study was done by researchers at Emory and the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF).

The new research included nearly 7,000 people between 45 and 84 years old. More than 800 were of South Asian descent from India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh or Sri Lanka. The rest were identified as white, black, Hispanic and of Chinese descent.

The study included body mass index (BMI) information. BMI is a rough estimate of body fat based on height and weight. In general, a normal BMI range is from 18.5 to 24.9, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This study used a narrower range for normal BMI for people of Chinese and South Asian descent -- 18.5 to 22.9, the researchers said.

The researchers also looked at four risk factors -- high blood pressure, elevated blood sugar, low levels of "good" HDL cholesterol and high levels of blood fats called triglycerides -- associated with heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

Those with two or more of the risk factors were considered to have heart disease or diabetes-linked (cardio-metabolic) abnormalities.

Among normal-weight people, those of South Asian descent were two times more likely to have heart disease or diabetes abnormalities.

Normal-weight people of Hispanic descent were 80 percent more likely to have these potential problems than whites, the study found.

And blacks and Chinese-Americans were 50 percent more likely to have these metabolic abnormalities at a normal weight, researchers said.

These abnormalities showed up at much lower BMIs for non-white people, the study found.

For example, for non-whites to have a similar number of heart and diabetes risk factors as a white person with a BMI of 25, someone of Chinese or South Asian descent had a BMI of 19.6. For a woman who's 5 feet 5 inches, a BMI of 25 is equivalent to 150 pounds. A BMI of 19.6 is 118 pounds, the researchers said.

"These differences are not explained by differences in demographic, health behaviors or body fat location," Gujral said in a UCSF news release.

Study senior author Dr. Alka Kanaya is a professor of medicine, epidemiology and biostatistics at UCSF. "We hope the results will enable patients and their health care providers to see that race/ethnicity alone may be a risk factor for cardio-metabolic health in minority Americans," she said.

The study was published April 3 in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more on heart disease prevention.