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Anxiety Disorders
Basic Information
What is Anxiety?The Biopsychosocial Model of AnxietyDevelopment & Maintenance of Anxiety DisordersClassification & Diagnosis of Anxiety DisordersAnxiety Disorder Theories and TherapiesTreatment of Anxiety DisordersAnxiety Disorder References & Additonal Resources
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Related Topics

Depression: Depression & Related Conditions
Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Resources: Books & Websites on Anxiety, and Articles on Classical and Operant Conditioning

Matthew D. Jacofsky, Psy.D., Melanie T. Santos, Psy.D., Sony Khemlani-Patel, Ph.D. & Fugen Neziroglu, Ph.D. of the Bio Behavioral Institute, edited by C.E. Zupanick, Psy.D. and Mark Dombeck, Ph.D.

The following is a list of helpful resources for individuals, family members, and professionals interested in more information on anxiety and anxiety disorders.


Barlow, D. H. (2002). Anxiety and its disorders: The nature and treatment of anxiety and panic (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.

Beck, A. T. & Emery, G. (1985). Anxiety disorders and phobias: A cognitive perspective. New York: Basic Books.

Borne, E. J. (2000). The anxiety & phobia workbook (3rd ed.). Oakland: New Harbinger Publications.

Ellis, A. (1998). How to control your anxiety before it controls you. New York: Citadel Press.

Johnston, J. E. (2006). The complete idiot's guide to controlling anxiety. New York: Penguin Group.

Treatment workbooks:

Mastery of Your anxiety and Panic 4th ed, Barlow & Craske Oxford University Press (2006)

Mastery of Your anxiety and Worry 2nd ed Craske & Barlow Oxford (2006)

Mastery of Your Fears and Phobia by Antony, Craske, and Barlow Oxford (2006)


Anxiety disorders Association of America

Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies

National Institute of Mental Health


Classical Conditioning

Mineka, S., & Oehlberg, K. (2008). The relevance of recent developments in classical conditioning to understanding the etiology and maintenance of anxiety disorders. Learning, Memory, and Psychopathology, 127, 567-580.

Lissek, S., Powers, A. S., McClure, E. B., Phelps, E.A., Woldehawariat, G., Grillon, C., & Pine, D.S. (2005). Classical fear conditioning in the anxiety disorders: A meta analysis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 1391-1424.

Watson, J. B., & Rayner, R. (1920). Conditioned emotional reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3, 1-14.

Operant Conditioning

Skinner, B. F. (1974). About behaviorism. New York: Random House.