24-Hour Crisis Hotline: (877)SAFEGBC or (877)723-3422 Mental Health & Substance Abuse Issues

6502 Nursery Drive, Suite 100
Victoria, TX 77904
(361)575-0611
(800)421-8825
Fax: (361)578-5500

Medical Disorders
Resources
Basic InformationLookupsLatest News
Scientists Discover New Way Fat Harms Your ArteriesOpioid Prescriptions for Eye Surgery Patients SurgeCases of Vaping-Linked Lung Illness Rise to 530 Across 38 States: CDCHealth Tip: Gaining WeightCan You Still Be Healthy If You're Overweight?Intense Gaming Can Trigger Irregular Heartbeat, Fainting in Some PlayersAll-in-One Pill Helps Protect HeartTiny Genetic Tweak May Stop Ebola Virus in Its TracksOpioid Epidemic Tied to Doubling of Dangerous Heart InfectionsWill Feeding Your Pets Raw Food Make You Sick?AHA News: Vitamin D Is Good for the Bones, But What About the Heart?Health Tip: Understanding Color BlindnessCould Profit Be a Factor in Kidney Transplant Decisions?Could Daily Low-Dose Aspirin Still Help Some People?Health Tip: Relieving Itchy SkinExperts' Guide to Trampoline SafetyHow to Keep Your Feet on a Sound, Pain-Free FootingMost Cyclists Suffering Head Injuries Not Wearing Helmets: StudyLinks Between Smog, 2nd Pregnancies and Preterm BirthHeartburn Drug Zantac May Contain Small Amounts of Known Carcinogen, FDA SaysCDC Revises Number of Vaping-Linked Lung Illnesses to 380 in 36 StatesKidney Transplants Safe When Donors Had Hepatitis CLung Cancer Screening Can Detect Other Smoking IllsIs Your State One of the 'Most Obese' in America?How to Keep Your Bones Strong and Prevent FracturesHeart Attack Can Be More Lethal If Symptoms Are More GradualHealth Tip: Understanding MononucleosisNew Strain of Strep Causing Cases of Scarlet FeverHow to Fight Hidden Causes of InflammationFDA Approves First Treatment for ILD With Systemic Sclerosis, SclerodermaOccasional Naps Do a Heart Good, Swiss Study FindsA 'Supercool' Breakthrough for Patients Awaiting Liver TransplantTreatment for Very-Preterm Infants May Lead to Antibiotic ResistanceWhy Weight Gain Often Comes With AgeNew Prosthetic Leg Can Feel Touch, Reduce 'Phantom Limb' PainThe Alexander Technique: What Could It Do for You?Drink Coffee, Avoid Gallstones?Dark Skin No Protection Against Sun's Harmful RaysSome People Vaccinated Against Mumps May Not Be Protected: StudyDiabetes Control Has Stalled Across U.S.Vaping-Linked Lung Illnesses Double, Vitamin E Acetate Leading Suspect'First Responders' on 9/11 Face Lingering Heart Woes, Study FindsHealth Officials Close in on Culprit in Vaping Lung Injury CasesGoing Vegetarian Good for Your Heart, But May Up Stroke RiskEven Small Improvements in Cholesterol, Blood Pressure Help Prevent Heart AttackHealth Tip: Signs of GallstonesHigh Post-Hospital Death Rate Trails Ebola SurvivorsClues to Why Epileptic Seizures Can Halt BreathingWhat Works Best Against Varicose Veins?Poor Circulation in Legs? Statin Meds Can Keep You Living Longer
Questions and AnswersLinks
Related Topics

Diabetes

AHA News: 'Surprising' Lack of Progress on Heart Disease in Younger Adults


HealthDay News
Updated: Jul 8th 2019

new article illustration

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (American Heart Association News) -- After years of declining rates of coronary artery disease, new research shows the trend is reversing among younger people, especially women.

The culprit may be the rise in obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure rates among young adults, according to a study published Monday in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Researchers from the University of British Columbia in Vancouver looked at 17 years of data from 12,519 people. The participants were men under 50 and women under 55 who were diagnosed for the first time with premature heart disease -- specifically coronary artery disease. That's when plaque, made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium and other substances in the blood, blocks arteries and limits blood flow to the heart.

Rather than going down, the rates of heart disease remained flat for younger adults.

"It's very surprising that there was absolutely no reduction in younger adults," said Dr. Liam Brunham, the study's co-senior author. "This is in stark contrast to the rates of heart disease overall, which are actually coming down quite significantly because of improvements in education, diagnosis and treatment."

The number of deaths among younger adults with heart disease didn't improve either. While those mortality rates among the study patients did drop 31% early in the study, they remained steady for the last nine years.

Those numbers echoed a May report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It showed heart disease death rates among people in the United States aged 45-64 declined by 22% from 1999 to 2011, but then increased 4% from 2011 to 2017.

The new study also found women had higher rates of obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure than men. Rates for those three risk factors rose among both men and women throughout the study.

"That's quite concerning, and it might provide insight into why we're not seeing any improvements in rates of heart disease among younger adults," said Brunham, an assistant professor at the University of British Columbia and a physician at the Healthy Heart Program's prevention clinic at St. Paul's Hospital.

Women under 45 also had "significantly higher" rates of death than men.

"One important takeaway of our study for providers is that a woman who's developed heart disease at a young age needs to be treated very aggressively," said Dr. Simon Pimstone, co-senior author of the study. "We're not as good at diagnosing coronary disease in women, who often present differently than men. We still have a lot to learn."

Pimstone and Brunham are leading a program called SAVE BC (Study to Avoid cardioVascular Events in BC) that uses family-based genetic screening to help identify and treat people at high risk for premature heart disease.

Their research comes in the wake of a similar American study published last November in Circulation that showed heart attacks are on the rise in young people, especially woman.

Dr. Sameer Arora, lead author of that paper, said it was difficult to compare the two studies because Canada's universal health care system might be better at preventing heart disease in patients.

Still, he said results of the new work confirm the idea that doctors and researchers need to come up with better ways to fight heart disease in younger adults.

"It's an impressive study that shows how important it is for us to reassess the risks and say, 'Maybe 45 is not 45 anymore,'" said Arora, a cardiology fellow at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine.

"Preventative care for heart disease for older populations has not carried over to the younger population, but we don't know why," he said. "We need to answer that question."

Arora said he'd like to see an increased emphasis on patient education.

"It's more about getting people to see a physician sooner, getting their cholesterol checked earlier, and focusing more on exercising and eating healthier foods," Arora said. "We need to get people to stop thinking, 'Oh, I'm too young to get heart disease.'"