24-Hour Crisis Hotline: (877)SAFEGBC or (877)723-3422 Mental Health & Substance Abuse Issues

6502 Nursery Drive, Suite 100
Victoria, TX 77904
(361)575-0611
Fax: (361)578-5500
Regular Hours: M-Fri 8am - 5pm
Every 3rd Thurs of the Month - Extended Hours Until 7 pm

Medical Disorders
Resources
Basic InformationLookupsLatest News
Urinary Incontinence Surgery Won't Raise a Woman's Cancer RiskCOVID Vaccines Trigger Protective Immune Response in Nursing Home Residents: StudyCOVID Vaccines Might Not Protect Certain Cancer PatientsHad Facial Fillers? What You Need to Know About COVID VaccinesAntibody Cocktail May Curb Infection in Unvaccinated Who Are Exposed to COVID-19Scientists Find Clues to Why AstraZeneca's Vaccine May Cause ClotsYou've Got Fungi in Your Lungs, and That's OKNon-Emergency Surgeries Are Rebounding, But Backlogs RemainPandemic Has Put Many Clinical Trials on HoldSupply of J&J COVID Vaccine to Drop 86 Percent Next WeekStressed, Exhausted: Frontline Workers Faced Big Mental Strain in PandemicNIH Starts Trial Looking at Rare Allergic Reactions to COVID VaccinesNot Just Keyboards: Many Types of Workers Can Develop Carpal TunnelBlack Women Are Dying of COVID at Much Higher Rates Than White MenTwo Vaccines Show Effectiveness Against Emerging COVID VariantsWomen More Prone to Concussion's Long-Term Harms: StudyCOVID Cases Climb in the Midwest as British Variant Takes Hold in U.S.'Heart-in-a-Box' Can Be Lifesaving, Matching Up Distant Donors With PatientsNo Proof COVID Vaccines Can Trigger Guillain-Barré SyndromeFor People With PAD, Exercise Can Be Tough But RewardingPublic Lost Trust in CDC During COVID Crisis: Poll1 in 3 COVID Survivors Struggle With Mental Health Issues Months LaterA Few People With COVID Went a Crowded Bar: Here's What HappenedNearly 8 in 10 School, Child Care Staff Have Gotten at Least 1 Dose of COVID Vaccine: CDCModerna COVID Vaccine Offers Protection for at Least 6 Months: StudyStrain of COVID Care Has Many Health Professionals Looking for an ExitCOVID Shot Earlier in Pregnancy Better for Baby: StudyDoctors' Group Says Antibiotics Can Be Taken for Shorter PeriodsIf You've Had COVID, One Vaccine Jab Will Do: StudyAbout 40,000 U.S. Children Have Lost a Parent to COVID-19Study Refutes Theory That Blood Type Affects COVID RiskHow Willing Are Americans to Donate COVID Vaccines to Other Countries?Got Your COVID Vaccine? Don't Stop Being Cautious, Experts SayCOVID Drove 23% Spike in U.S. Deaths In 2020Faster-Spreading COVID Variant Expanding in United StatesWhen Will America's Kids Get Their COVID Vaccines?AHA News: Why You Should Pay Attention to InflammationMany Recovering COVID Patients Show Signs of Long-Term Organ DamageCOVID Fears Mean More Cancers Are Being Diagnosed at Later StagesSome Hospitalized COVID Patients Develop SeizuresCan Vaccinations Stop COVID Transmission? College Study Aims to Find OutCDC Confirms COVID as Third Leading Cause of Death in 2020Research Reveals How Aspirin Helps Prevent Colon CancerPfizer Says Its COVID Vaccine Is Very Effective in Kids as Young as 12AHA News: The Secret to Good Health Is No Secret. So Why Is It So Hard to Achieve?'Couch Potato' Lifestyles Cause Up to 8% of Global Deaths: StudyHave to Travel During Spring Break? Here's How to Stay SafeNew Coronavirus Can Also Infect Cells in the MouthBiden, Top Health Officials Warn of Risk of Another COVID SurgeAHA News: Black Young Adults Face Higher Stroke Risk Than Their White Peers
Questions and AnswersLinks
Related Topics

Diabetes

Real-World Proof That Pfizer, Moderna Vaccines Slash COVID Infections

HealthDay News
by By Robin Foster HealthDay Reporter
Updated: Mar 29th 2021

new article illustration

MONDAY, March 29, 2021 (HealthDay News) -- The mRNA vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna have proven to be potent weapons against COVID-19 infection among health care workers, first responders and essential workers in the real world, a new U.S. government study shows.

After following nearly 4,000 volunteers in six states over a 13-week period, researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found the risk of infection was reduced by 80% or more two weeks after the first dose and by 90% two weeks after the second shot.

"This study shows that our national vaccination efforts are working. The authorized mRNA COVID-19 vaccines provided early, substantial real-world protection against infection for our nation's health care personnel, first responders, and other frontline essential workers," CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said in an agency news release.

"These findings should offer hope to the millions of Americans receiving COVID-19 vaccines each day and to those who will have the opportunity to roll up their sleeves and get vaccinated in the weeks ahead. The authorized vaccines are the key tool that will help bring an end to this devastating pandemic," she said.

The CDC researchers, led by Mark Thompson, noted that the groups they followed from Dec. 14, 2020 to March 13, 2021 were more likely than the general population to be exposed to the virus because of their occupations.

"As vaccination accelerates, it's becoming undeniable that they [vaccines] are the path back to normalcy," said Dr. Amesh Adalja, a senior scholar at Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security in Baltimore.

"The vaccines are pieces of technology that everyone should want," said Adalja, who was not part of the study.

Typically, it takes about two weeks following each dose of vaccine for the body to produce antibodies that protect against infection. People are considered "partially vaccinated" two weeks after their first dose of mRNA vaccine and "fully vaccinated" two weeks after their second dose, the CDC researchers said.

These new findings are consistent with those from phase 3 clinical trials conducted with the vaccines before the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved them for emergency use. Those clinical trials measured vaccine efficacy against COVID-19 disease, while this study evaluated vaccine effectiveness against infection, including those that did not come with symptoms.

A key strength of the study is the fact that volunteers collected their own nasal swabs for testing each week, whether or not they felt ill. Nearly 11% of infections in this study were asymptomatic, while 58% of the infections occurred among people who were identified by testing before they developed symptoms or knew they were infected. The study demonstrated that these two mRNA vaccines can reduce the risk of all COVID-19 infections, not just symptomatic infections.

This matters because preventing both asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic infections among health care workers and other essential workers through vaccination can help prevent the spread of COVID-19 to those they care for or serve, the researchers noted.

The study also delivered some good news about partial vaccination. The 80% efficacy of just one dose is even higher than what other recent studies following the first dose of Pfizer vaccine among health care providers have found. Studies conducted in the United Kingdom and Israel showed that one dose was about 70% and 60% effective, respectively. The latest results confirm that people start to develop protection from the vaccine just two weeks after their first dose. Still, the greatest protection was seen among those who had received both doses of the vaccine.

This study is the first of many planned vaccine effectiveness studies the CDC is conducting to evaluate the benefits of COVID-19 vaccines in various populations and across different outcomes, the researchers said.

More information

Visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for more on COVID-19 vaccines.

SOURCES: Amesh Adalja, MD, senior scholar, Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, Baltimore; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report and news release, March 29, 2021