24-Hour Crisis Hotline: (877)SAFEGBC or (877)723-3422 Mental Health & Substance Abuse Issues

6502 Nursery Drive, Suite 100
Victoria, TX 77904
(361)575-0611
Fax: (361)578-5500
Regular Hours: M-Fri 8am - 5pm
Every 3rd Thurs of the Month - Extended Hours Until 7 pm

Medical Disorders
Resources
Basic InformationLookupsLatest News
AHA News: Never Heard of Sepsis? It's Common, Dangerous and a Threat to Your HeartModerna Says Its COVID Vaccine Works Well in Children Aged 6 to 11COVID Vaccination Does Not Raise Odds of Miscarriage: StudyVaccinated People Less Likely to Die of Any Cause in Months After Shots: CDCRecovering COVID Patients Often Face Long-Term 'Brain Fog'COVID Pandemic May Have Driven a Flu Strain Into ExtinctionThe No. 1 Cause of Halloween Injuries: Carving the PumpkinPfizer Vaccine Prevents 91% of Symptomatic COVID in Young Children: FDAPfizer Says Lower Dose of Its COVID Vaccine Protects Younger ChildrenDeadly Liver Disease Tied to Obesity Is on the RiseCDC Signs Off on Moderna, J&J Boosters, Backs Mix n' Match ShotsMoving Monoclonal Antibody Treatments for COVID From Hospital to HomeConfusion, Seizures: People Hospitalized After Taking Veterinary Drug for COVIDMandates, Not Recommendations, Work Best to Get Folks Vaccinated: StudyPfizer Vaccine Booster Restores Nearly Full Protection, Company SaysTen Years On, Gene Therapy Still Beating Most Cases of 'Bubble Boy' Immune DiseaseSex of Fetus May Matter When COVID Strikes in PregnancyVaccines Cut Odds for Death From COVID Delta Variant by 90%U.S. Has Shared 200 Million Shots With Other CountriesSalmonella Outbreak in 37 States Linked to Imported OnionsFDA Approves Moderna, J&J Booster Shots, Backs Mix n' Match VaccinesWhite House Announces COVID Vaccination Plan for Young KidsEven With Mild COVID, Obesity May Mean Worse SymptomsNew Device Might Spot 'Lazy Eye' in Kids EarlierA High-Tech Pointer to Pollutants That Trigger Asthma in KidsFlu Cases Already Up 23% This Season: WalgreensDoctors Report That Kidney Grown in Pig Worked in a HumanHeartburn Meds Might Be Good for Your GumsOne Big Factor for Survival After Spinal Cord Injury: ResilienceDying Young From Heart Disease: Where You Live in the U.S. MattersFDA Expected to Allow Mix n' Match COVID VaccinesPowell's COVID Death Despite Vaccination Shows Danger to Those With Weakened Immune SystemsAHA News: Your Next Doctor's Prescription Might Be to Spend Time in NatureOut-of-Pocket Medical Bills for COVID-19 May Average $3,800 in 2021: StudyLegionnaires' Disease Outbreak Hits Long Island, N.Y.State Lotteries Didn't Help Boost Vaccination RatesFDA Panel Recommends Approval of Johnson & Johnson Booster ShotHeart Defibs in Schools Are Saving Staff Lives: StudyHorseback Riding Carries Big Risk for Serious Injury: StudyTwo-Thirds of Parents of Kids Ages 5-11 Plan to Get Them Vaccinated Against COVID: PollAnother Study Finds Pfizer, Moderna Shots Effective Against COVID VariantsLyme Disease Often Spotted at Later Stage in Black PatientsFDA Panel Supports Moderna Booster Shot for Older Adults, People at High RiskIs a Really Bad Flu Season on the Way?Climate Change Could Bring Rising Obesity RatesKids Can Carry High, Infectious Levels of COVID CoronavirusMore Than Half of COVID-19 Survivors Will Get 'Long COVID'One-Third of Americans With Arthritis Get No ExerciseDeath Threats, Trolling Common for Scientists Who Speak to Media About COVIDAHA News: The Differences and Similarities Between the Flu and COVID-19
Questions and AnswersLinks
Related Topics

Diabetes

Cancer in Hispanics: Good News and Bad

HealthDay News
by By Denise Mann HealthDay Reporter
Updated: Sep 23rd 2021

new article illustration

THURSDAY, Sept. 23, 2021 (HealthDay News) -- Hispanic people in the United States have lower cancer rates than white people, but they are much more likely to develop certain preventable cancers.

"The good news is that overall cancer rates are lower in Hispanic people, but we are seeing very high rates of infectious disease-related cancers, many of which are potentially avoidable," said study author Kimberly Miller, a scientist at the American Cancer Society in Atlanta.

Rates of liver and stomach cancer were approximately two times higher among Hispanic people than white individuals, the study found. Hepatitis infection increases the risk of liver cancer, and an infection with a bacterium known as Helicobacter pylori, or H. pylori, can lead to stomach cancer. Both of these infections can be caught and treated early so they don't progress to cancer.

And therein lies the problem: lack of access to routine health care and cancer screenings, Miller said. The Hispanic population has the highest percentage of people without health insurance in the United States, the study authors noted.

For the new study, the researchers used government databases to look at rates of cancer among Hispanic men and women from 2014 through 2019. Overall, they had 25% to 30% lower rates of cancer and deaths from cancer for all cancers combined.

"About a third of the Hispanic population is foreign-born, and foreign-born individuals tend to have substantially lower rates of the most common cancers, including lung, colorectal, female breast and prostate," Miller said.

The Hispanic community is heterogeneous, and there is wide variation in risks and rates of cancers by place of birth and whether people identify as Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican or another nationality, Miller added.

The bad news

In addition to having higher rates of stomach and liver cancer, Hispanic women are more likely to develop cervical cancer than their white counterparts, the study found. Regular screening can identify cervical cancer in its early stages.

Hispanic women are also more likely to be diagnosed with advanced breast cancer compared with white women, likely due to lack of regular screening mammograms that can pick up breast cancer before it starts to spread.

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic may worsen these disparities. "We know that the Hispanic community was hit harder by the pandemic than many other racial and ethnic groups," Miller said. "Many lost employment and health insurance, and were afraid to go to the doctor and get recommended cancer screenings."

Miller and her colleagues published their findings online Sept. 21 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

Commenting on the report, experts who were not involved with the study agreed that understanding racial and ethnic disparities in cancer is the first step toward shoring them up.

Calling the new study "very important," Dr. Edith Perez said that "identifying cancer incidence and comparative data by ethnicity – and uncovering opportunities for actionable activities to improve patient outcomes – are highly relevant, tangible steps towards progress in reducing cancer disparities." Perez is a professor of medicine at the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla., and chair of Stand Up To Cancer's health equity committee.

And according to Dr. Shalom Kalnicki, chairman of radiation oncology at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City, "The new research is very pertinent to further study and to further action."

There are many reasons for these gaps. "It may be based on not having a stable community due to changes of residences that come with job and socioeconomic challenges, lack of guaranteed care if cancer is found, and lack of cultural comprehension about the ability to cure early-stage cancer versus the idea that cancer is a lethal disease," Kalnicki said.

Grassroots education and awareness are the best ways to help break down these barriers and lower cancer rates in these communities, he suggested.

Dr. Amanda Rivera, a radiation oncologist at Montefiore Medical Center, agreed. "We need to do more as a medical community to get out there and educate people and get them to come in for screening and make sure they understand that finding cancer early can have an impact on the outcome."

Rivera practices what she preaches. She often goes out into these communities to better reach at-risk individuals. "Hearing the patient out and asking about their fears and educating them about facts can get them more engaged," she said.

For example, Rivera said that she often speaks to Hispanic patients in Spanish to help gain their trust. "As soon as I stop speaking English and start speaking Spanish, the patient becomes more alert and engaged, and more trusting of what I have to say," she said.

More information

The American Cancer Society has more on screening tests that help catch cancer early.

SOURCES: Kimberly Miller, MPH, scientist, American Cancer Society, Atlanta; Edith A. Perez, MD, professor, medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Fla., and chair, Stand Up To Cancer's health equity committee; Shalom Kalnicki, MD, professor and chairman, radiation oncology, Montefiore Medical Center, New York City; Amanda Rivera, MD, radiation oncologist, Montefiore Medical Center, New York City; CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, Sept. 21, 2021, online